Literally, the word Muslim means "one who submits (to God)".
Check - I have the same desire. In this sense I could call myself Muslim.
They believe God has sent many prophets all over the world. These are their top 5 prophets:
- Nuh (Noah)
- Ibrahim (Abraham)
- Musa (Moses)
- Isa (Jesus)
Most Muslims believe that Jesus ascended into heaven, but not the death and resurrection part.
I'll score myself a 1/3 on this one
Muslim 6 articles of faith:
- One God
- Angels - messengers of God
- Prophets (already mentioned above)
- Scriptures - They are the Suhuf Ibrahim (commonly the Scrolls of Abraham), the Taurat (Torah), the Zabur (commonly the Psalms), the Injil (commonly the Gospel), and the Qur'an.
- The Day of Judgment and the Akhirah or afterlife
- Predestination- "Allah has knowledge of everything in his creation. Nothing occurs except by his will. Human beings are given free will, and it must be made clear that destiny does not have a cause-and-effect influence of the choices humans make. The choices that humans make are all within Allah's knowledge."
Virgin Birth of Jesus
"Not one of you is a believer until he loves for his brother what he loves for himself."
Once they reach puberty, his/her account of deeds is opened in Paradise. To attain paradise, at death, their good deeds (helping others, testifying to the truth of God, leading a virtuous life)... must outweigh their evil deeds.
"There is no other god beside God." (Qur'an 47:19)
"My Lord, make this a peaceful land, and protect me and my children from worshiping idols." (Qur'an 14:35)
"And make not Allah's (name) an excuse in your oaths against doing good, or acting rightly, or making peace between persons; for Allah is One Who heareth and knoweth all things." (Qur'an 2:224)
"O you who believe, when the Congregational Prayer (Salat Al-Jumu`ah) is announced on Friday, you shall hasten to the commemoration of GOD, and drop all business." (Qur'an 62:9)
(most of us don't keep the Saturday Sabbath either - I'll ask for an exemption on this point)
"....and your parents shall be honoured. As long as one or both of them live, you shall never (even) say to them, "Uff" (the slightest gesture of annoyance), nor shall you shout at them; you shall treat them amicably." (Qur'an 17:23)
"....anyone who murders any person who had not committed murder or horrendous crimes, it shall be as if he murdered all the people." (Qur'an 5:32)
"You shall not commit adultery; it is a gross sin, and an evil behaviour." (Qur'an 17:32)
"They shall not steal." (Al-Mumtahanah 60: 12)
"Do not withhold any testimony by concealing what you had witnessed. Anyone who withholds a testimony is sinful at heart." (Qur'an 2:283)
"And do not covet what we bestowed upon any other people. Such are temporary ornaments of this life, whereby we put them to the test. What your Lord provides for you is far better, and everlasting."
OK, my belief system is different than most Muslim's on some key points, but very similar on other key points. A quick tally says I'm in agreement with 80% of these beliefs. I know this is a brief overview, but this percentage may be close. I imagine most conservative Christians share more ethical positions with Muslims than they do with our secular culture.
I've also recently discovered I am not 100% Protestant or Catholic either... I wonder what percent of shared beliefs is required to qualify.
Oh well... I found this quick study informative... if anyone is reading I hope you find some value in recognizing some shared beliefs as well. And may we encourage those we meet to seek God to direct us all to understand whatever percent of truth He wants us to understand.